How much do you know about the difference between specific light sources? The functionality of any light fixture truly depends on the lamp used. Lighting effects differ from bulb to bulb, with a large variety in how they perform. Ideally, you'll want a bulb that is energy efficient and will illuminate your space beautifully.
Helpful Lighting Terms:
Wattage: Electricity that a light source consumes
Lumens: The amount of light produced by a light source
Color Temperature: Color temperature is an aspect of visible light that has important applications in lighting, photography and more. Color temperature may be warm, cool, neutral, etc.
Types of Bulbs:
When an electric current passes through a filament and causes it to glow, this produces incandescent light. These are the bulbs we all grew up with in our households. Up front, they are also more economic in terms of cost. However, because they are the least energy efficient option in comparison to other light sources and emit more heat, they are best used for tasks that require high-level brightness.
Since governments worldwide have begun to phase out the production of standard incandescents, the new energy efficiency class will require most incandescent bulbs to produce the same amount of light using less wattage. Click here to learn more.
Type of Incandescent Bulbs:
Parabolic Reflector (PAR) bulbs control light with precision. They produce almost 4 times the light of standard light bulbs and are often used when installing track lights or recessed lights. They are also often used for for outdoor spot and flood fixtures because they are durable and many are weatherproof.
Tungsten-halogen incandescent bulbs are brighter and whiter than their warmer standard counterparts. They boast more light per watt than standard incandescent bulbs, so making them a more efficient choice. Halogen bulbs are available in standard household line voltage (120 volt) and low voltage (12 volt).
PAR 16, 20, 30 and 38 reflectorized bulbs provide better control over beam spread than standard incandescent PAR bulbs. They come in a variety of spot and flood beam spreads. They are typically used in track, recessed outdoor landscape lighting due to their versatility.
T-3 Double-Ended bulbs are available in a multitude of bases, and are used in wall sconces, outdoor flood lighting and torchieres. T-4 Single-Ended bulbs are available in "mini-can" and "bayonet" base types. These are typically found in wall lighting applications and pendant fixtures.
MR8, MR11 and MR16 (mini-reflectors) provide superior beam control, and their tiny size allows them to be used in smaller track and recessed heads. They are also great for outdoor landscape accent lighting fixtures.
PAR36 bulbs provide excellent beam control over long distances. They are perfect for outdoor landscape accent fixtures, or track lighting.
T-4 Bi-Pin bulbs are small bulbs used in halogen desk lamps and low-voltage track systems. They are also utilized in cove and undercabinet lighting.
Xenon rigid-loop, andwedge base bulbs emit a light similar to that of halogens but with a much longer lifespan and operate at lower temperatures. These are popular for strip, under-cabinet and cove lighting applications.
Fluorescent bulbs produce light by an electric arc which excites mercury and other gases, producing radiant energy. This energy is converted to visible light by a phosphorous coating.
Fluorescent lighting is extremely popular in office buildings and other commercial applications. They use 1/5 to 1/3 as much electricity as incandescents and last up to 20 times longer. Compact or CFL bulbs, are used trimmer fixtures like recessed downlights, wall sconces, flush mounted fixtures, and track lighting. Those with screw in bases can be used instead of incandescents in standard lamp sockets with E26 bases. CFLS are available in a large spectrum of colors, but warmer tones best duplicate the color temperature of incandescents. Because fluorescent bulbs contain mercury, it is important to dispose of them properly.
T8 bulbs with electronic ballasts are commonly used in large ceiling fixtures. The electronic ballasts allow them to turn on instantly, and they do not hum. Commonly utilized for commercial applications, they are now also gaining popularity with residential projects.
High-Intensity Discharge (HID) bulbs produce light when an arc moves between cathodes in a pressurized tube. This causes metallic additives to vaporize. With long life and superb energy efficiency, HIDs are most often used for outdoor security and area lighting.
Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) produce light when electrons combine from negatively charged semiconductors and create a unit of light (photon). Because they are small, several LEDs are sometimes combined to produce a single light bulb.
LED lighting in general is vastly efficient and longer lasting than any other type of light source, with technology for future development lightyears ahead of the current generation. LEDs are currently popular in undercabinet lighting, downlights, landscape lighting, security lighting, and track/monorail lighting.
For more questions on choosing the right light bulb for your project, please contact us at 1877 385 2104 or email firstname.lastname@example.org