Decks are most likely to be used at night as much or more as in the day. Deck lighting will extend the usability of the outdoor deck and patio space, will help create a welcoming atmosphere and will bring out the beauty of the deck. Deck lighting will also add to the safety around the deck. When designing your deck and patio lighting put your attention to the following points:
Provide accent lighting for function but do not over illuminate the space. You might want to experiment with outdoor lighting fixtures prior to installing them so you get a feel to how much light is required.
Try to avoid having direct exposed lighting and glare from the outdoor deck lighting fixtures, glare reduces the visual comfort and causes strain to the eyes. Make an effort to hide the light source and use indirect lighting as much as possible.
Good outdoor lighting takes in consideration the natural look of the outdoors, you may use color filters to create a moon lighting effect or any other effects of your choice.
Pay attention to hazards, it is especially important to illuminate places that may cause a hazard like steps, level changes, paths, water features etc.
It is always a good idea to plan for the deck lighting fixtures before you start construction, that way you will be able to integrate the lights into the structure in the most beneficial way.
Various types of deck lights are available and among them low voltage lights, line voltage deck lights, step lights, outdoor pendant lights, path lights, column lights, outdoor wall lights, and more.
Avoid hot spots! hot spots are created when the light on a certain area is very intense and the contrast ratio is high comparing to other neighboring areas, good deck lighting will be soft and appealing.